Population aging and inequality

Vol. 41 No. 1 (2021)

Jan-Mar / 2021
Published February 9, 2021
PDF-Portuguese (Pt-BR)
PDF-Portuguese (Pt-BR)

How to Cite

Cardoso, Eliana, Thais Peres Dietrich, and André Portela Souza. 2021. “Population Aging and Inequality”. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy 41 (1), 23-43. https://doi.org/10.1590/0101-31572021-3068.

Population aging and inequality

Eliana Cardoso
Escola de Economia de São Paulo Fundação Getulio Vargas EESP/FGV, São Paulo/SP, Brasil.
Thais Peres Dietrich
Centro de Microeconomia Aplicada Fundação Getulio Vargas C-Micro/FGV, São Paulo/SP, Brasil.
André Portela Souza
Escola de Economia de São Paulo e Centro de Microeconomia Aplicada Fundação Getulio Vargas EESP/FGV, São Paulo/SP, Brasil.
Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 41 No. 1 (2021), Jan-Mar / 2021, Pages 23-43

Abstract

This article outlines the profile of the population over 65 years old in Brazil. It describes the aging of the population and the differences in life expectancy in regions with different income levels. It discusses income and its distribution among people over 65 years old and shows that the income distribution among them is more egalitarian compared to the population under 65 years old. Finally, by reviewing some aspects of the discussion on pension reform, it concludes by perceiving the need for an agenda for training and qualification of the workforce throughout the life cycle. 

JEL Classification: D13; D63; J14.


Keywords: Aging of the population, inequality, income distribution